Don’t Look at the Flash, It Can Blind You. Shelter In Place for Up to 10 Days. Prepare a Disaster Kit.


The first steps you can take are easy Stay calm. The best action you can take is staying calm. Staying calm gives you the chance to think and use common sense to choose the best option for your family.
Some tips to stay calm include:
– Take a deep breath.
– Review your family plan and your disaster kit.
– Focus on what you have to do for your family
Make a plan.Follow family safety plan.
Before an emergency happens, fill out your family plan and
make sure there are copies in easy-to-find locations like on
your fridge, or in your purse, in the car or in your
emergency kit.
Make a kit.
Having an emergency preparedness kit can make it easier
for you to be safe during an emergency. The better your
kit is, the better prepared you will be during an emergency
Knowwhat to do. Practice and know howto
Practice. Practice. Practice. The best way to stay calm is to know what
to do without question. Practicing your family plan, calling to make
sure phones work and having the entire family practice
response will help keep everyone calm.

Be honest and plan for YOUR situation.
What can you handle on your own? What do you need help
with? Are you caring for anyone that needs help?
Remember, your plan and kit should be something you can use
for any emergency. Include medications, medical equipment,
and other items you would need for an emergency.
Talk with family, friends, neighbors to make your plan.
Make a family plan with people who know your situation. They
will help you plan for shelter, supplies and what to do if there is
a loss of power and water. The people who help you every day
can help you plan for medical needs during an emergency. Keep
a list of your personal support individuals with their contact
Prepare for a 10 day emergency.
Depending on the emergency, you may need supplies to last
for hours, a few days or potentially more than a week. If you
have supplies to hold you for ten days, you are likely to have
the things you will need during an emergency of any length
with or without emergency services. This is very important for
people who need medication, have medical concerns or timesensitive
needs. Always keep a large supply of potable water.
If an emergency happens, stay calm and follow
your plan.
The most important thing you can do during any
emergency situation is stay calm. Use your plan and
supplies during an emergency. Stay connected by listening
to the radio and TV. Always keep your phone nearby.
Create a plan to shelterin place.
– In most emergency situations, home may be the safest place. Sheltering in place is often the best option,
especially for those who work or live in concrete structures. See Fact Sheet #2 about how to shelter in place.
Make sure you can get to a room that has few or no windows.
Create a plan if you must be moved.
– Although home or work buildings may often be the safest option, there are certain emergencies (ex: flooding) that
may require you to be evacuated. Include information about how you would evacuate in your plan. Be familiar with
routes to key areas.
– If you havemobility issues
o People who are confined to a bed will need to decide the best transportation option
Preparing if you have special needs
(ambulance or other) available.
o People using a wheelchair need to plan for evacuation using the wheelchair and evacuation if the
wheelchair cannot be used. Remember, do not use the elevator during a fire or earthquake.
o If you need to use stairs, discuss lifting and carrying techniques with those who may help you
(family, neighbors) during an evacuation.
Plan for possible power and water outages in your area.
– Make sure you have backup plans for powering equipment you need that requires electricity like beds, breathing
equipment or infusion pumps. This includes having batteries, possibly a generator or following your plan to move
to a medical facility.
Peoplewho have visual impairments or are blind.
– Keep a radio or television station on so you can stay informed about the situation.
– If you use a cane, make sure you have one ready to use and stored in a place you can find it easily.
– Be prepared to calm your service animal and keep them on a secure leash. Make sure you have a section in
your emergency plan to care for your service pet.
– Prepare to respond if your service animal is not available.
– Instead of regular flashlights, store high-powered flashlights with wide beams.
– Mark your emergency supply kit with Braille, large print or fluorescent tape.
Peoplewho are deaf or hard of hearing.
– If you use hearing aids, make sure to store them in the same location so you can find them during an
emergency. If possible, store an extra hearing aid in your emergency kit. Keep an extra supply of batteries
on hand for your hearing aid.
– Determine which news stations use closed captioning.
– Plan on how to communicate without a hearing aid during an emergency. Keep pencils or paper with your
emergency supplies. Consider having cards with a message that says for example, “I use American Sign
Make a useful emergency kit
Do you have supplies and medication for10 days?
– Use the supply list in Fact Sheet #2 to make your kit. Make sure you have food
and water and medicine for ten days.
Make copies of important documents and keep them in the
– Make sure you have copies of the following:
o Medical insurance, Medicare and Medicaid cards
o A list of prescriptions needed and dosages
o Family records (wills, power of attorney, deeds, social security cards, credit cards, bank information
and tax records)
o Insurance papers.
What else would help during an emergency?
– Have extra batteries for any items you need. Have paper and pencil handy in your kit to communicate. Have
written instructions for operating any equipment you need. Have instructions on how to manually infuse pumps
or equipment.
Make sure your plan and kitinclude the following:
– If you take medicine, receive medical treatment, or use
medical equipment be sure to have what you need for ten
days. Do not wait to have prescriptions refilled.
– Keep a copy of your prescriptions including name of
medication, dose, frequency, and the name and contact
information of the prescribing doctor.
– Store your medications in one location in their
original containers.
– Ask your doctor or pharmacist about what else you should
do to prepare.
Medical supplies you use every day
– Have an extra ten day supply of any medical supplies you
use, such as bandages, colostomy bags or syringes.
Medical equipment you need
– Work with your doctor or home health care provider to
make an emergency plan or backup plan that includes your
equipment. Ask important questions like, “How can I get
back-up services,” or “What can I do to get ready for
power outages if my equipment needs electricity?”
– If you use electrically-powered medical equipment
o This includes those who use electric beds, breathing
equipment or infusion pumps; check your medical
supply company and get information regarding a
back- up power source such as a battery or
– If you use oxygen or breathing equipment
o Have enough for at least a seven-day period.
o Oxygen tanks should be securely braced so they do
not fall over. Call your medical supply company
regarding bracing instructions. If you use breathing
equipment, have a ten day supply or more of tubing,
solutions and medications.
o If you use Intravenous (IV) and feeding tube
equipment, know if your infusion pump has a
battery back-up, and how long it would last using
the battery.
o Ask your home care provider about manual
infusion techniques in case of a power outage.
o Have written operating instructions attached to
all equipment.
o Practice the use of medical equipment with people
who will personally support you during an

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